A thorough physical examination and a complete account of medical history are first on the list of must-haves on the road to correctly diagnosing a patient with multiple sclerosis. But because early treatment is essential to curbing the intensity and progression of symptoms, a set of criteria called the McDonald Criteria is completed to initiate treatment as soon as possible. Meanwhile, the doctor orders a battery of imaging, laboratory, and other tests to accurately confirm an MS diagnosis.
The most important tools for confirming MS include:
A Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is a tool that helps to detect the lesions caused as a result of demyelination.