Ciprofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic that fights bacteria in the body. It is used to treat different types of bacterial infections. In MS patients, it is used to treat urinary tract infections.
The bactericidal action of ciprofloxacin results from interference with theDNA gyrase, and essential bacterial enzyme that bacteria need for the synthesis of their DNA.
Ciprofloxacin comes as a tablet or a liquid, or an extended-release tablet to be taken by mouth. It is usually given at 250 mg two times a day for 7 to 14 days. It should be ingested with a full glass of water, with or without meals, and at the same time every day.
Common ciprofloxacin side effects may include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, rash, or abnormal liver function.
Ciprofloxacin has a black box warning (information that appears on a prescription drug label that calls attention to serious or life-threatening risks) for tendinitis and tendon rupture, peripheral neuropathy, and pain. Central nervous system side effects can include hallucinations, anxiety, depression, insomnia, severe headaches and confusion for people of all ages without pre-existing risk factors. It has also shown to bring on muscle weakness exacerbation in people with myasthenia gravis. Fluoroquinolones should be reserved for people with no alternative treatment options.
There are generics available for Ciprofloxacin.
Read the latest news on urinary tract infections and multiple sclerosis.
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